Galapagos Islands Geography PDF Print E-mail

Officially named the Archipelago de Colon after Christopher Columbus (Cristobal Colon), the Galapagos Islands are located in the eastern Pacific Ocean approximately 600 miles (1000 km) off the west coast of South America . The closest land mass is the mainland of Ecuador to the east (the country to which they belong), to the North are the Cocos Islands 432 miles (720 km) and to the South is Easter Island and San Felix Island at 920 miles (3200 km).

The Galapagos Archipelago consists of 4,897 square miles (7880 square km) of land over 28,000 square miles (45,000 square km). The largest of the islands, Isabela, measures 1,771 square miles (4,855 square km) and making up half of the total land area of the Galapagos. Volcan Wolf, on Isabela is the highest point with an elevation of 5,600 feet (1,707 meters) above sea level.

galapagos geography

The Galapagos Islands are a series of gigantic volcanic peaks composed almost exclusively of basalt giving the islands their dark gray color. They lie where the Nazca Plate passes under the South American Plate in an area of great geologic activity.

Eruptions have taken place in historical times on Fernandina, Isabela, Pinta, Marchena, Santiago and Floreana. Most of the islands have the classic cone shape of a " Shield Volcano " created from the build up of layers of lava. These volcanoes have risen from 6500 to almost 10,000 ft (2000-3000 m) above the seabed.

The other islands appear like a tilted tabletop and were created from Volcanic Plateaus. Plateaus are created when the eruption of basalt lava poured quickly from fissures rather than central vents. A study of geology in action, the Galapagos Islands is one of the world's most active volcanic areas, with more than 50 eruptions in the past 200 years.

galapagos geography

 

Enojy Galapagos Ecuador

All You Need is Ecuador

Galapagos Islands Photos:

image1
Galapagos Wildlife
image1
Galapagos Wildlife
image1
Galapagos Wildlife

 

image1
Galapagos Wildlife
image1
Galapagos Wildlife
image1
Galapagos Wildlife

 

image1
Galapagos Wildlife
image1
Galapagos Wildlife
image1
Galapagos Wildlife

 

The Galapagos Islands

Ecuador and the Galápagos have unique positions geographically and geologically in the world, which all contribute to their climates, their susceptibility to natural disasters and their incredible natural diversity.

Our Efforts

tulipe cloud forest

Friends of the Tulipe-Pachijal Cloud Forest Foundation. The main objective is the promotion of ecological conservation, sustainable deployment of natural resources and sustainable human development in Ecuador, primarily, but not exclusively, in the Tulipe-Pachijal area. How you can help?, click in the link below.

Contact Us

186 SE 12th Terrace Apt. 1601 Miami, FL 33131
USA Phone: (786) 360-4961
USA Cell: (305) 968-0178
Toll Free: 1-866-816-9242

Ecuador Phone's:

(+593 2) 2525 834
(+593 2) 2222 564

E-mail: info@galapagosunlimited.com