Galapagos Flora and Fauna PDF Print E-mail
FLORA

Plants are the basis of all life within the Galapagos Islands . Of the 500 species of "higher" plants 40% are endemic. These plants combined with the 200 species of introduced plants and 500 species of mosses, lichens and liverworts give the Galapagos its complex ecosystem.

galapagos flora

The island's flora lives in specific zones. Understanding these zones helps with identification and appreciation of the flora. From the Mangrove Swamps that cover the wet coastal zone and the Prickly Pear Cactus of the Arid Lowlands to the Scalesia Trees and Miconia of the higher Humid Zones the Galapagos hosts an interesting array of flora.

FAUNA

The Islands have a wide array of endemic fauna, invertebrates, birds, reptiles and a few mammals, which are native to the islands rather than introduced. The Galapagos Tortoise is the most well known of all the endemic creatures. These giant tortoises, all of which are endangered due to hunting and introduced species, include 11 subspecies adapted to the terrain of their island home. Colorful and plentiful iguanas are a common endemic.

galapagos fauna

The Galapagos is home to Land Iguanas , Marine Iguanas and a Hybrid of the two. Long known as a haven for birders, the Galapagos Islands ' native bird life includes 57 residents almost half of which are endemic, the rest are regular migrants. Darwin's Finches include 13 species that have adapted to their island setting. Other endemics include the Lava Gull , Galapagos Penguin , Dark-Rumped Petrel , Galapagos Flightless Cormorant , Lava Heron , Galapagos Martin and Galapagos Dove. Life in the ocean is as varied and unique as that above it.

The Galapagos Marine Reserve is home to sharks, rays, Cetaceans. Green Turtles and Hawkbill Turtles can be seen in the waters. Almost 300 species of fish have been noted. The Sally-Lightfoot Crab (bright red color) can be seen along the shore.

 

Enojy Galapagos Ecuador

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Galapagos Islands Photos:

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Galapagos Wildlife
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Galapagos Wildlife
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Galapagos Wildlife

 

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Galapagos Wildlife
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Galapagos Wildlife
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Galapagos Wildlife

 

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Galapagos Wildlife
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Galapagos Wildlife
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Galapagos Wildlife

 

The Galapagos Islands

Ecuador and the Galápagos have unique positions geographically and geologically in the world, which all contribute to their climates, their susceptibility to natural disasters and their incredible natural diversity.

Our Efforts

tulipe cloud forest

Friends of the Tulipe-Pachijal Cloud Forest Foundation. The main objective is the promotion of ecological conservation, sustainable deployment of natural resources and sustainable human development in Ecuador, primarily, but not exclusively, in the Tulipe-Pachijal area. How you can help?, click in the link below.

Contact Us

186 SE 12th Terrace Apt. 1601 Miami, FL 33131
USA Phone: (786) 360-4961
USA Cell: (305) 968-0178
Toll Free: 1-866-816-9242

Ecuador Phone's:

(+593 2) 2525 834
(+593 2) 2222 564

E-mail: info@galapagosunlimited.com